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There are many kind of porcelain slabs are avaibles for floor such as large format porcelin slab, wooden porcelain lab, glazed porcelain tiles, slim marble porcelain slab, thin porcelain marble slab.
To fix the base, the gravel must have natural moisture, and the sand must be abundantly moist. After filling the well, you need to treat the area with a vibrating plate. In this case, the maximum layer thickness for a passage must not exceed 150 mm.
The roots of shrubs and trees are dangerous to the pavement. If you want to maintain green spaces, the distance to the path must be at least 300 mm.
In difficult soils, it will not be possible to completely avoid pouring. We are talking about silty sand, clay soil, as well as areas of difficult relief. At the same time, laying a wooden porcelain tiles paving slab track with your own hands will require the arrangement of reinforced concrete retaining or gabion structures to prevent the soil from moving in the lateral direction.
When laying paving stones, slopes must be provided for draining rainwater and melted water. It is also recommended to design the installation of rainwater inlets, rainwater trays. This will guarantee the normal flow of water and, consequently, increase the durability of the coating, the comfort of the residents.
When marking the territory, you must follow the following rules. The drainage slopes along the path should be 1 ° to 2 °; along the way, over a parking area or other large areas - from 2.5 ° to 4 °; to face the blind area - from 2 ° to 7 °. In the case of a significant slope of the site, paving is carried out gradually. This provides for the zoning of the territory with the provision of containment elements along its borders.
After site preparation, a paving slab layout test should be performed. In a preliminary phase, draw a path diagram, which will allow you to calculate the number of different types of paving stones, choosing the ideal placement pattern. The most diverse material is considered a 10x20 cm rectangular tile ("sidewalk", "brick"), which can be placed in several ways. The wavy elements allow you to create patterns of the same type, but they can be combined with each other in each paving area.
Phases of laying paving slabs:
site preparation (marking, excavation, soil compaction);
installation of curbs, gabions, concreting the base (if necessary, laying the flooring on problematic soils);
placement of geotextiles;
preparation of gravel base, sand ("trough" filling, compaction);
basic screed arrangement (options: sand; cement-pure sand mixture; cement glue mortar);
laying, compacting paving stones;
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After preparing the ground for the work, it is necessary to excavate the soil to the projected depth. The height of the "chute" is selected based on the total thickness of the base and the coating. In this case, the size of the nearest border in value is selected. It is installed in the pit in a concrete lock, which increases the reliability of the structure.